CE8351 Surveying Previous Year Question Paper for regulation 2017
To introduce the rudiments of plane surveying and geodetic principles to Civil Engineers.
To learn the various methods of plane and geodetic surveying to solve the real world Civil Engineering problems.
To introduce the concepts of Control Surveying
To introduce the basics of Astronomical Surveying
UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF CONVENTIONAL SURVEYING AND LEVELLING
Classifications and basic principles of surveying – Equipment and accessories for ranging and chaining – Methods of ranging – Compass – Types of Compass – Basic Principles- Bearing –Types – True Bearing – Magnetic Bearing – Levelling- Principles and theory of Levelling – Datum-– Bench Marks – Temporary and Permanent Adjustments- Methods of Levelling- Booking –Reduction – Sources of errors in Levelling – Curvature and refraction.
UNIT II THEODOLITE AND TACHEOMETRIC SURVEYING
Horizontal and vertical angle measurements – Temporary and permanent adjustments – Heights and distances – Tacheometer – Stadia Constants – Analytic Lens -Tangential and StadiaTacheometry surveying – Contour – Contouring – Characteristics of contours – Methods of contouring – Tacheometric contouring – Contour gradient – Uses of contour plan and map
UNIT III CONTROL SURVEYING AND ADJUSTMENT
Horizontal and vertical control – Methods – specifications – triangulation- baseline – satellite stations – reduction to centre- trigonometrical levelling – single and reciprocal observations –traversing – Gale’s table. – Errors Sources- precautions and corrections – classification of errors –true and most probable values – weighed observations – method of equal shifts – principle of least squares – normal equation – correlates- level nets- adjustment of simple triangulation networks.
UNIT IV ADVANCED TOPICS IN SURVEYING
Hydrographic Surveying – Tides – MSL – Sounding methods – Three point problem – Strength of fix – astronomical Surveying – Field observations and determination of Azimuth by altitude and hour angle methods –.Astronomical terms and definitions – Motion of sun and stars – Celestial coordinate systems – different time systems – Nautical Almanac – Apparent altitude and corrections – Field observations and determination of time, longitude, latitude and azimuth by altitude and hour angle method
UNIT V MODERN SURVEYING
Total Station : Advantages – Fundamental quantities measured – Parts and accessories – working principle – On board calculations – Field procedure – Errors and Good practices in using Total Station GPS Surveying : Different segments – space, control and user segments – satellite configuration – signal structure – Orbit determination and representation – Anti Spoofing and Selective Availability – Task of control segment – Hand Held and Geodetic receivers – data processing – Traversing and triangulation.
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